Sunday, March 31, 2013

1974 Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme

The Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme was a mid-size car produced by General Motors for the American market. It was always at the top of the Cutlass range. It began as a trim package, developed its own roofline, and eventually was mechanically divorced from the later, smaller Cutlasses.

The Cutlass Supreme name lasted from 1966 until 1997. There was no direct replacement for the Cutlass Supreme itself, although the Intrigue introduced for 1998 was designed in size and price to replace all the Cutlass models.

In 1973, the Cutlass Supreme, like other GM mid-size cars, was redesigned. Hardtop models were replaced by new "Colonnade" styling with fixed center pillars. Concerns over proposed rollover standards caused many automakers to phase out their pillarless hardtops and convertibles throughout the 1970s, and the Cutlass was no exception. Cutlass Supreme coupes had a unique roofline with vertical opera windows not shared with other Cutlass coupes, as well as unique front end styling. For 1976, a new front fascia design with quad rectangular headlamps debuted.

This new Cutlass design was highly successful, becoming one of the best-sellers of the time. The Cutlass line as a whole was America's best-selling car in 1976, helping Oldsmobile to become the only marque outside of Ford and Chevrolet to break one-million units sold. By 1977, however, GM had downsized its full-size models, and the Cutlass Supreme was now nearly identical in size to the redesigned Delta 88. That situation would last only that one year, as GM planned to downsize the Olds Cutlass and other intermediates for 1978.

In addition to the Colonnade hardtop coupe, the Cutlass Supreme was also offered in a four-door Colonnade sedan (with six-window styling and frameless door windows) as well as six-and-nine passenger station wagons - the wagons with the woodgrain exterior trim were marketed under the Vista Cruiser nameplate previously used on Oldsmobile's stretched-wheelbase station wagons with raised roof and skylights from 1964 to 1972.

The Supreme Colonnade sedan was available in 1973 as the Cutlass Salon, which was an option package that included radial tires, upgraded suspension and reclining bucket seats upholstered in corduroy or vinyl trim along with color-keyed wheelcovers - designed as sort of a European-style luxury/touring sedan similar to the Pontiac Grand Am of the same period. For 1974, the Salon package was also made available on the Supreme Colonnade coupe and in 1975, the Salon was upgraded to a separate series available in both sedan and coupe.

For 1973 and 1974, the 350 Rocket V8 with four-barrel carburetor and 180 horsepower (130 kW) was the standard Cutlass Supreme engine with a 250-horsepower 455 Rocket offered as an option. Both three- and four-speed manual transmissions were offered in 1973, but the greatest majority of Cutlasses (including Supremes) were built with the three-speed Turbo Hydra-matic automatic transmission which became standard equipment in 1974, along with variable-ratio power steering.
The 1973-74 energy crisis resulting from the Arab Oil Embargo led Oldsmobile to introduce two new smaller engines to the Cutlass line in 1975. The Chevrolet built 250 cubic-inch inline six and three-speed manual transmission were reinstated as standard equipment on the Supreme coupe and sedan with a new Olds-built 260 cubic-inch Rocket V8 (standard on Cutlass Salon and optional on all other Cutlasses except wagons) offered as an option.

However, the majority of Cutlass Supremes in 1975, 1976 and 1977 were sold with the now-optional 350 Rocket V8 and Turbo Hydra-matic automatic (still standard on wagons). The 455 Rocket V8 was optional through 1976, and replaced by a smaller 403 Rocket V8 in 1977, the same year in which a Buick-built 231 cubic-inch V6 replaced the Chevy inline six as base power in most Cutlass models.

For 1976, the Cutlass Supreme Brougham coupe was added to the line, featuring a more luxurious interior trim than the regular Supreme model with pillowed crushed velour upholstery and 60/40 bench seats similar to the larger Ninety-Eight Regency. It also received quad square headlights. For 1977, the Brougham was also available as a four-door Colonnade sedan. A five-speed manual transmission was available as an option with the 260 V8 in all models except Supreme Brougham and station wagons for 1976 and 1977.  

- -

1975 Oldsmobile sword

Though the Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries oil embargo was raised in March 1974, its effects rippled through the '75 model year, moving all models, together with the 1975 Oldsmobile sword. Fuel economy loomed massive in product selections regarding everything from powertrains to tires. on the far side that, though, the embargo's inflationary momentum hurt the overall economy, car sales enclosed. The standard power team for many Cut­lass models became Chevrolet's 105-bhp, 250-cid inline six and a three-speed manual gear case. the bottom engine within the Salon was a replacement 260-cid V-8, basically a small-bore version of the 350 that Olds engineers whipped up in an exceedingly few months at the urging of acting division top dog Bill Buxton.

Fed by a two-barrel carb and mated to the Turbo Hydra-matic, the 110-bhp engine was accessible on alternative coupes and sedans. solely the wagons maintained the 350-cube V-8 and automatic as customary. This pairing, too, was nonmandatory on all the opposite models. Even then, the 350 and nonmandatory 455 V-8s were scaled back to one hundred seventy and a hundred ninety bhp, severally. the consequences showed. in an exceedingly Motor Trend check of a 350-powered '75 Supreme auto, sixty mph arrived in eleven.65 seconds; the 440 yards took a laggard eighteen seconds at seventy eight.67 mph. Oldsmobile's fixation on gasoline mileage wasn't restricted to engines. associate degree economy-minded a pair of.73:1 rear shaft was used across the board in Cutlasses. Steel-belted radial tires conjointly were standardized on the intermediates, partly owing to their reduced rolling resistance.

Optional air conditioners came with associate degree "economy" mode that cut out the mechanical device underneath sure conditions to scale back drag on the engine. There was even associate degree accessible dash-mounted economy meter for those fascinated by knowing once their right foot was resting significant on the accelerator. The U. S. government's announce figures for sword engines were sixteen mpg within the town and twenty one mpg on the main road for the six, 15/19 for the 260 V-8, 15/20 for the 350 (14/19 within the wagon), and 13/19 for the 455. MT averaged seventeen.8 mpg in its check automobile. The car business was troubled to realize higher fuel economy whereas within the thick of meeting alteration federal laws on exhaust emissions. the most recent weapon in this battle was the convertor, that Olds­mobile place into all its 1975 models. As a division promulgation explained, "The convertor is associate degree emission management device additional to the exhaust to scale back organic compound and carbon monoxide gas pollutants within the exhaust gas stream. It contains one-eighth-inch-diameter beads coated with a platinum-paladium catalyst that accelerates the oxidizing pro­cess and reduces most of the un­burned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide gas to water vapour and dioxide gas." The system enclosed stainless-steel exhaust pipes expected to last fifty,000 miles. Unleaded fuel was needed. Engineering had been junction rectifier by former Oldsmobile chief engineer (and future g president) Robert Stempel, whom company president impotency Cole brought over to the company aspect to develop the device.

From the styling position, 3 new grille styles were created for the Salon (now a full series), Supreme and wagons, and Cutlass/Cutlass S. On all, ver­tical turn-signal lamps were set at the outer edges of the grille sections. "Secondary lights weren't subject to constant restrictions as headlights," Casillo same, "so the designers had lots additional flexibility to be artistic." Taillights on the sword and S had a twin over-and-under theme; the Supreme and Salon had a vertical side-by-side theme. Supreme coupes adopted the swiveling bucket seats as associate degree choice, however with a twist. Reversible inserts let homeowners switch between vinyl and material upholstery, a gimmick that lasted only 1 year. A Hurst/Olds auto continued to be accessible, once more with a alternative of 350- or 455-cid V-8s. (As a proof of the days, the 350 edged aside the 455 in quality.) this point, though, the H/O was engineered on the sword Supreme body and featured customary "Hurst/Hatch" removable roof panels. The 2536 engineered clothed to be the last Hurst/Oldses till 1979. Assemblies of Oldsmobiles -- includ­ing a replacement automobile Starfire hatch­back -- inched up in '75 by 9506 units to 628,902, enough to end third once more. However, sword orders shot duplicate to 319,531. The intermediate line currently accounted for quite 1/2 Oldsmobile's model-year output -- albeit solely by a fraction.

One clear truth regarding the Cut­lass was the charm of its formal-roof coupes. In model year 1975, the two-door Salon and Supreme combined for fifty eight.8 % of sword production and thirty.2 % of all Oldsmo­biles created.

Sunday, March 24, 2013

Chrysler 300 1969

The Chrysler 300 (Chrysler 300 Non-Letter Series) was a full-size automobile produced by Chrysler from 1962 until 1971. It was the replacement for the 1961 Chrysler Windsor, which itself filled the place in Chrysler's line previously occupied by the Saratoga just the year before that (1960).

It was slotted below the letter series, adding 4-door versions and ran along letter series until its discontinuation in 1966, becoming the sole 300 model until 1971, when production ended.

1969 was first year for "fuselage styling", there were two engine options; 440 and 440 TNT.

For 1970, taking a cue from Oldsmobile, a Hurst 300 was offered in Spinnaker White trimmed in Satin Tan with leather interior, powered by a 375 hp (280 kW) 440 cu in (7.2 l) TNT V8, as a limited edition of 485.

In 1971, the convertible was no longer offered, as Chrysler halted production of convertibles across the entire lineup in 1970.

The 440

The 440 was produced from 1966 until 1978, making it the last version of the Chrysler RB block. It had a cast iron block with iron heads and a bore of 4.32 inches (110 mm) for a overall displacement of 439.7 cu in (7,206 cc).

From 1967 to 1971 the high performance version was rated at 375 brake horsepower (280 kW) (370 brake horsepower (276 kW) in 1971) at 4700 rpm with a single four barrel carburetor, and from 1969 to 1971, the highest output version had a 3-2 bbl. intake setup ("440 Six Pack" for Dodge, "440 6 Barrel" for Plymouth) producing 390 brake horsepower (291 kW) (385 brake horsepower (287 kW) in '71). In 1972, changes were made to the system of measuring power of vehicle engines from gross (engine only, without air cleaner, exhaust system, alternator, or other power-consuming components) to net (with alternator, air cleaner, mufflers, and other vehicle equipment installed).

The new rating system produced lower, more realistic numbers for any given engine. At the same time, emissions regulations were demanding cleaner exhaust. Engines including the 440 were made with reduced compression, modified cam timing, and other tuning measures to comply with the newly-tightened emissions regulations. The 1972 440 produced 335 bhp (250 kW) (gross) at 4400 rpm; the new net rating was 225 hp (168 kW)—which very closely coincided with period German DIN ratings and TÜV measurements.

La Chrysler 300 (Chrysler 300 Non-Letter Series) est une automobile de taille produite par Chrysler de 1962 à 1971. Il a été le remplacement de la 1961 Chrysler Windsor, qui lui-même rempli la place dans la ligne de Chrysler précédemment occupé par le Saratoga juste l'année d'avant (1960).

 Chrysler 300 (Chrysler 300 Non-Letter Series) был полноразмерный автомобиль производства Chrysler с 1962 до 1971 года. Это была замена 1961 года Chrysler Windsor, которая сама заполнила место в очереди Крайслера ранее занимал Saratoga всего за год до этого (1960).


Tuesday, March 12, 2013

Opel Kapitän 1957

The Opel Kapitän is a luxury car made in several different generations by the German car manufacturer Opel from 1938 to 1970.


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In November 1953, Opel launched a completely new Kapitän that was longer and wider than its predecessor. Carried over was the six-cylinder engine, though its compression ratio was raised to 7.0:1, giving 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) initially. For 1955, output rose to 71 PS (52 kW; 70 hp) and was further enhanced to 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) for 1956. The ´54 featured a revised rear live axle, a rear stabilizing bar and slightly enlarged drum brakes.

Model year 1956 saw a mild facelift with a more up-to-date grille, bezeled headlamps, larger front indicator lights and revised side trim. The ´56 reached a top speed of 140 km/h (87.0 mph) and consumed 13 L/100 km (22 mpg-imp; 18 mpg-US).

From May 1957, a semi-automatic 3-speed overdrive transmission with an additional fourth gear became available on request.

From November 1953 to February 1958, 154,098 Kapitäns were built. In its time, this generation was the third most popular car in Germany behind Volkswagen´s Beetle and Opel's own Rekord (Oswald, p. 73).

A completely new design appeared in 1954. The old-fashioned looks had given way to the fashionable ponton shape. It still had the same 6-cylinder 2473 cc engine, although now Opel managed to squeeze 68 hp out of it, giving the car a top speed of 138 km/h.- -

Opel Monza

Technical specifications and performance data of Opel Kapitan (1957).
General Information:
Marque (make) Opel
Issued from 1957
Model Kapitan
Serie Kapitan
Manufacturer Adam Opel AG
Country DE
Сar's Body:
Passenger space (volume) 4840 l / 170.92 cu ft / 170.92 cu ft
Length 4730 mm / 186.2 in / 186.2 in
Total (curb) weight 1215 kg / 2679 lb / 2679 lb
Width 1770 mm / 69.7 in / 69.7 in
Height 1570 mm / 61.8 in / 61.8 in
Wheelbase 2760 mm / 108.7 in / 108.7 in
Length/wheelbase ratio 1.71
Frontal area (A) 2.36 m2 / 25.4 sq ft / 25.4 sq ft (est.)
Engine Information:
Total number of cylinders 6
Engine Type straight (inline) (Inline, 6 cylinder)
Total number of valves 12
Valves per cylinder 2
Fuel petrol (gasoline)
Engine displacement 2473 cm3 / 150.9 cu in / 150.9 cu in
Max. output power 55.0 kW / 73.8 hp / 73.8 hp at 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm
Max. torque at
Max. net output (power at the wheels) 22.0 kW / 29.5 hp / 29.5 hp (est.)
Specific output 22.2 kW/l / 0.489 bhp/cu in / 0.489 bhp/cu in
Transmission type manual
Number of gears 3
Wheel drive rear wheel drive
Power-to-weight ratio 61.7 kW/ton / 46.7 bhp/ton / 46.7 bhp/ton

Opel Kapitän, Baujahr 1957


Das Wirtschaftswunder verändert Deutschland. Bundeskanzler Konrad Adenauer holt die ersten Gastarbeiter ins Land, aus dem Radio verbreiten Bill Haley und Freddy Quinn gute Laune, und wer ein bisschen wagemutig ist, urlaubt bereits in Italien. Dazu träumen viele brave Bürger von einem Auto aus Rüsselsheim. Nicht Mercedes mit dem 220er Ponton oder BMW mit dem 501 dominieren die Oberklasse zu dieser Zeit, sondern Opel. Der 9350 Mark teure Kapitän gilt als Nonplusultra und ist ein Symbol des wirtschaftlichen Aufstiegs.

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Legendary Cars: Opel Ascona

Den Erfolg verdanken die Hessen nicht nur dem damals noch makellosen Ruf ("Opel, der Zuverlässige"), sondern vor allem einer geschickten Planung. Der erste Kapitän war das letzte Vorkriegsauto von Opel - und nach dem Krieg brachte die Marke den Bestseller alle zwei Jahre auf Vordermann; parallel dazu wurde das Fahrzeug immer weiter amerikanisiert. Das 57er Modell, das mit fast 100.000 Exemplaren zu den erfolgreichsten Jahrgängen zählte, trägt üppigen Chromschmuck, der riesige Kühlergrill imponiert und die Kotflügel deuten bereits Heckflossen an. Innen herrschen für diese Zeit außerordentliche Verhältnisse. Während die Arbeiterschaft im VW Käfer kauert, thront der Opel-Fahrer erhobenen Hauptes im Straßenkreuzer. Das Gestühl ist weich, die Bein- und Schulterfreiheit überwältigend, und über allem wölbt sich ein schwarz lackiertes Kuppeldach.
Wer es weit gebracht hat in diesen Tagen, bestellt sich für 900 Mark Aufpreis die Luxusversion. Sie trägt eine Krone auf der Motorhaube, ein geschwungenes "L" an der Flanke und glänzt innen mit bequemen Einzelsitzen, einer gepolsterten Armaturentafel, Sonnenblenden samt Make-up-Spiegel, Taschen in den Türen sowie einem wundervollen Chromschmuck rund um den Tacho. Die riesige Uhr wird mit einer Kurbel im Handschuhfach aufgezogen.


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Sunday, March 10, 2013

Alfa Romeo Spider Veloce 2000

The Alfa Romeo Spider (105/115 series) is a roadster produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1966 to 1993 (190 Spiders were badged as 1994 Commemorative Editions for the North American market).

Legendary Cars: Alfa Romeo Spider

In 1970 the first significant change to the exterior styling was introduced on the 1750 Spider Veloce, with the original's distinctive elongated round tail changed to a more conventional cut-off tail, called the "Kamm tail", as well as improving the luggage space. Numerous other small changes took place both inside and out, such as a slightly different grille, new doorhandles, a more raked windscreen, top-hinged pedals and improved interior trim.

1971 saw the Spider Veloce get a new, larger powerplant - a 1962 cc, 132 hp (98 kW) unit - and consequently the name was changed from 1750 Spider Veloce to 2000 Spider Veloce. The 1600 Spider restarted production a year later as the Spider 1600 Junior, and was visually identical to the 1300.

1974 saw the introduction of the rare, factory request, Spider-Targa. Based upon the Spider, it featured a Porsche style solid rear window and lift out roof panels, all made out of black GRP type material. Less than 2,000 models of such type were ever made and was the only part solid roof Spider until the introduction of the factory crafted hard top.

The 1300 and 2000 cars were modified in 1974 and 1975 respectively to include two small seats behind the front seats, becoming a "two plus two" four seater. The 1300 model was discontinued in 1977. Also, between 1974 and 1976, the early-style stainless-steel bumpers were discontinued and replaced with black, rubber-clad units to meet increasingly stringent North American crash requirements.

4,557 of 1300 Junior were made and 4,848 of 1600 Junior. 16,320 of 2000 Spider Veloce were made and 22,059 of 2000 Spider Veloce US version. 4,674 and 4,027 (US) 1750 Spider Veloce were made (this includes 'round tail' Spiders)

L'Alfa Romeo Spider (105 / serie 115) è una roadster prodotta dal produttore italiano Alfa Romeo 1966-1993 (190 ragni sono state targate nel 1994 edizioni commemorative per il mercato del Nord America).

Nel 1970 il primo cambiamento significativo per il design esterno è stato introdotto sulla Spider 1750 Veloce, con l'originale la coda distintivo rotondo allungata cambiato in un più convenzionale coda tronca, chiamata "Kamm tail", oltre a migliorare lo spazio bagagli. Numerosi altri piccoli cambiamenti ha avuto luogo sia all'interno che all'esterno, come ad esempio una griglia leggermente diverso, nuove maniglie, un parabrezza più inclinato, top-cerniera pedali e rivestimenti interni migliorata.

Il 1971 vide la Spider Veloce ottenere una nuova, più grande propulsore - un 1.962 cc, 132 CV (98 kW) unità - e di conseguenza il nome è stato cambiato dal 1750 al 2000 Spider Veloce Veloce Spider. La Spider 1600 ripreso la produzione dopo un anno come la Spider 1600 Junior, ed è visivamente identico al 1300.

1974 ha visto l'introduzione del raro, richiesta in fabbrica, Spider-Targa. Sulla base del ragno, è caratterizzato da una Porsche finestra solido stile posteriore ed estrarre tutti i pannelli del tetto, realizzato in materiale nero tipo GRP. Meno di 2.000 modelli di questo tipo sono stati mai fatto ed è stato l'unico ragno tetto parte solida fino all'introduzione della fabbrica artigianale hard top.

Le vetture 1300 e 2000 sono stati modificati nel 1974 e 1975, rispettivamente, per includere due piccoli sedili dietro i sedili anteriori, diventando un "due più due" quattro posti. Il modello 1300 è stato interrotto nel 1977. Inoltre, tra il 1974 e il 1976, i primi in stile acciaio inox paraurti furono eliminati e sostituiti con il nero, in gomma ricoperte di unità per soddisfare le sempre più stringenti requisiti di crash del Nord America.

4.557 di 1300 Junior sono state fatte e 4848 del 1600 Junior. 16320 del 2000 Spider Veloce sono state fatte e 22059 del 2000, la versione Spider Veloce degli Stati Uniti. 4674 e 4027 (Stati Uniti) 1750 Spider Veloce è stato fatto (questo include Spiders 'coda rotonda')

L'Alfa Romeo Spider (105 / série 115) est un roadster produit par le constructeur italien Alfa Romeo de 1966 à 1993 (190 araignées ont été badgés en 1994 des éditions commémoratives pour le marché nord-américain).

En 1970, le premier changement significatif au style extérieur a été introduit sur ​​le Veloce 1750 Spider, avec l'original queue ronde distinctive allongée changé pour un plus classique de coupure queue, appelé le "Kamm tail", ainsi que l'amélioration de l'espace pour les bagages. De nombreux autres petits changements ont eu lieu tant à l'intérieur qu'à l'extérieur, comme une calandre légèrement différente, poignées de porte de nouvelles, plus un pare-brise incliné, articulation supérieure pédales et les garnitures intérieures améliorée.

1971 a vu l'araignée Veloce obtenir un nouveau, plus grand groupe motopropulseur - une cc 1962, 132 ch (98 kW) unité - et par conséquent le nom a été changé à partir de 1750 à 2000 Veloce Araignée Araignée Veloce. Le Spider 1600 redémarré la production un an plus tard que l'araignée junior 1600, et est visuellement identique à la 1300.

1974 a vu l'introduction de la demande d'usine, rare, Spider-Targa. Sur la base de l'Araignée, il a comporté un style Porsche solide lunette arrière et soulever les panneaux de toit, tous fabriqués à partir de matière noire de type polyester. Moins de 2.000 modèles de ce type n'a jamais été faite et a été la seule partie Araignée toit solide jusqu'à l'introduction de l'usine conçu hard top.

Les voitures 1300 et 2000 ont été modifiées en 1974 et 1975 respectivement pour inclure deux petits sièges derrière les sièges avant, de devenir un «deux plus deux» quatre places. Le modèle 1300 a été abandonnée en 1977. En outre, entre 1974 et 1976, le début des années de style en acier inoxydable pare-chocs ont été supprimés et remplacés par des noirs, vêtus de caoutchouc unités pour répondre aux exigences de plus en plus strictes nord-américains d'accident.

4557 de 1300 Junior ont été faites et 4848 de 1600 junior. 16.320 de 2000 Spider Veloce ont été faites et de 22.059 version 2000 Spider Veloce États-Unis. 4674 et 4027 (US) 1750 Spider Veloce ont été faites (y compris araignées 'queue ronde »)



1971看到蜘蛛韦洛切一个新的,更大动力 - 1962毫升132马力98千瓦机组 - 并因此更名为蜘蛛1750蜘蛛韦洛切2000韦洛切 1600蜘蛛重新启动生产蜘蛛1600小型一年后在视觉上相同1300


1974年和1975年分别为13002000辆汽车进行了修改,包括两个座椅前排座椅背后成为一个“二加二”四座 1300车型在1977年停止此外1974年和1976年之间被中断的早期风格不锈钢保险杠换成黑色橡胶单位,以满足日益严格的北美崩溃的要求

45571300初中48481600少年 16,320蜘蛛韦洛切2000年22,059蜘蛛韦洛切美版2000年 4,6744,027(美国1750蜘蛛韦洛切包括圆尾蜘蛛

Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Images of most beautiful cars

Fotografije najljepših automobila
 Las imágenes de la mayoría de los coches hermosos
 Изображения из самых красивых автомобилей
 Slike najlepših avtomobilov
 صور من أجمل السيارات